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研究生基础英语课后答案Unit1-6
2016-08-09 20:27:01   来源:   评论:0 点击:

※- - - - - - 单词词组互译- - - - - - - -※英译汉communication satellite 通讯卫星 mobile telephony 移动通讯 intelligent robot 智能机器人 clone 克隆
※- - - - - - 单词词组互译- - - - - - - -※
英译汉
communication satellite 通讯卫星          mobile telephony 移动通讯   
intelligent robot 智能机器人              clone  克隆                
telecommunications  远程通讯            stock holder  股东
taxing authority  税务机关               charitable organization  慈善机构        
nonprofit firm  非盈利公司               sales forecast 销售预测                 
economic forecast 经济预测               tourist resort旅游胜地
landscape scenery   山水风光             virgin forest   原始森林
hitchhiking 沿途免费搭乘他人便车旅行    outdoor adventures户外冒险活动
a camper 野营者                        antibiotic 抗生素
gene 基因                              El Nino 厄尔尼塔           
marine 海产的,海运的;舰队,海运业       vitamin 维生素
humility 谦逊                           endeavor  n & v 努力,尝试      
sincerity 真诚 真挚                      patriotism 爱国主义
faith 信仰,信念                        divine 神圣的,非凡的,崇高的           
reconcile 调和,和解                    self-observation 自我审视
ethics class 道德教育课                  computer-aided cheating  利用计算机作弊
failing grade  不及格                    plagiarism  剽窃
mandatory penalty 强制惩罚              junk email harassment  垃圾邮件骚扰
 汉译英
文学literature                         科幻小说science fiction       
空间旅行space traveling                外星人 alien 
人类社会 human society                高技术 high-technology
信息时代information age               信息产业information industry
管理 management                     协调 coordinate        
运作operate                          人力资源 human resources
经费 funds                           决策make decisions 
政府部门governmental agencies          金融机构financial  institution
远足hike                             兜风go for a ride 
观光sight-seeing                       探险explore, exploration
交游go outing                         滑雪 skiing
冲浪surfing                           睡袋sleeping bag
导游图 tourist map                     夏令营summer camp
羊羔lamb      山羊goat              猪崽piglet        奶牛cow       
牛犊calf       家禽fowl              哺乳动物mammal  
家畜 domestic animals                  善意goodwill, good intentions        
高尚noble                            成就achievement, success, accomplishment
抱负ambition, aspiration                原则principle        
奉献dedicate                          平等equality
忠诚sincerity, loyalty, faithfulness         抄袭 copy / plagriarise
作弊 cheating                         道德准则 ethics
校行政人员 school officials              开除 explusion
学年  school year                      读书报告 book report 
校园社区服务  on-compus community sevice
※- - - - - -单词、时态填空- - - - - - - -※
Unit1  predict   reveal   dominate      in search of        play a major role in   
       call for     in reality     speculation      a wide range of       respect 
1、They got there in the late afternoon and went around  in search of  a place to stay.
2、The astronomers were questioned on  a wide range of  subjects from physics to psychology.
3、As people spend more time watching TV and reading the newspapers, the media  plays a major role in influencing their opinions.
4、There was a strange silence about what was happening, but the details of the murder were finally  revealed  by the local paper.
5、After another round of negotiations, they finally signed a declaration calling for an immediate ceasefire.
6、Xiao Ling always seems so self-confident, but  in reality  she is extremely shy.
7、I have to admit that she is very nice as a hostess, but she dose tend to  dominate  the conversation.
8、Out of  respect  for the whishes of her family, the accident was not reported in the local media.
9、The company's expansion  was predicted  on the assumption that sales would rise.
10、Any suggestion of an imminent crash in stock market is pure  speculation.
 
Unit2     require  acquire    operate    comprehend    motivate    maintain  
          adapt to   be certain   access to   coordinate     component    convert
1、As an excellent manager, he is very good at  motivating  his employees.
2、Their principal activities are to serve the French corporations  operating  abroad.
3、The two rival companies  maintained  close relations for ten years.
4、A large complex organization can be slow to  adapt to  changes.
5、The ability to use a language can be  acquired  only by the act of using the language.
6、A password is needed to get  access to  the computer system.
7、Good records are  required  for the preparation of complete and accurate tax documents.
8、They read the story, but only a few fully  comprehended  its meaning.
9、They  converted  the medieval castle into a beautiful theater.
10、The doctor  was certain  after examining his wounds that he could not possibly live.
 
Unit3    accessible to     push off        at a rice       a craving for   
         negotiate       accommodate        unique      consistently
1、Housing could be obtained  at a price .
2、Medicine should not be kept where it is  accessible to  children.
3、Patrick is not sure whether he can  negotiate  the turn at the bottom.
4、The hungry beggar had  a craving for  food, any food left by the geests.
5、Let's  push off  early so that we'll get there before nightfall.
6、John and Armstrong maintain  consistently  a high standard.
7、Those foreign students are  accommodated  in Canadian homes near the campus for a three-week orientation program.
8、Each person's signature is  unique  and that will help us to find out if this document is a forgery.
 
Unit4   clone      donation    donor     transplant        cattle      recipient   
        mammal     initiate     reverse      at intervals       light up
1、The cost of feeding fully grown  cattle  for a period of time can be significant
2、Nonsexual reproduction from a single parent is already possible and every  clone  produced in this way is absolutely identical to the parent.
3、Former students collected money for scholarship fund. We are very grateful to the  donors  for their generous  donations.
4、Baby animals of  mammals  such as mice, cows and monkeys get milk from their mothers breasts.
5、We  transplanted  the small peach tree from the back of the house to the front because it did not get enough sunlight there.
6、Shall we  recipients  the order and put Z at the beginning of this dictionary?
7、The searchlight  reverse  the whole area.
8、The government  lit up  a large-scale campaign to eliminate illiteracy.
9、The  initiated  of Nobel Prize are honored at special ceremonies in Sweden and Norway.
10、Rain fell at irregular  intervals  throughout the night.
Unit5
1. Jane was confined to bed due to illness for three months 
2. Many women lost their jobs during the economic depression 
3. The corrupting effects of complete power ruined many politicians 
4. Her first reaction to the news was a mixture of grief and comfort 
5. The journalist wrote an article in which police corruption was exposed to the full 
6. Shop assistants are asked to make every endeavor to provide the customer satisfaction 
7. he argued that the British legal system was derived from Roman law and has evolved into a complicated system 
8. The disease is spreading quickly in the city and people ,especially children and the aged ,are at risk 
9. The book gives readers a deeper insight into European culture 
10. The witness gave the police a full account of what had happened in the courtyard 
Unit6
  dedicate…to     tend to       subject…to   involve
  compared with    doctoral      attribution   wise up
1.  He has been depressed and his novel tends to be pessimistic.
2.  The researchers subjected the material to all kinds of tests before they put it into use.
3.  Today most parents think they should involve themselves in their children’s education,
4.  He has run into some difficulties , but he knew that they were nothing compared with yours.
5.  It was at Stanford University that Albert Marvell decided to dedicate his life to science.
6.  From this initial dissatisfaction my own doctoral thesis developed.
7.  It is regarded as a social norm that one should always remember to cite others’words with proper attribution.
8.  Wise up Victoria, Jane is cheating you. She has never returned money to anyone she borrowed from.
 
※- - - - - -近义选词填空(两个词中选适合意思)- - - - - -※
Unit1
1. The students attended a class entitled “Beyond Tradition ”,in which they discussed the effect of technology on traditional culture 
2. China has a vast territory and abundant resources .she is a large country with a long history and a rich cultural heritage 
3. At the conference , the minister a accused the organization of sponsoring terrorism .
4. The research program is sponsored by a large computer company 
5. The drop in student numbers added further complication to the situation 
6. Now he was getting a lesson in the complexity of diesel engines 
7. Being a member of Animal Adoration Society, she seems to think that animal rights should prevail over everything else 
8. It was obvious that her husband completely dominated her.
9. As one of the leading candidates for the presidency, he still needs the help of his supporters to win the election 
10. In most cases, investors are entitled to a reasonable return on their money 
Unit2
1. John did not follow the correct procedure in applying for the job 
2. The firm is now on the process of moving the machines to a new factory 
3. The scientists from the two medical schools are cooperating in the attempt to find a cure for the disease 
4. They appointed a new manager to coordinate the work of the team 
5. He set an objective for the new organization to provide free legal aid to the poor 
6. The main objection to program was that it would cost too much 
7. They used a new drug in the treatment that is effective against the cancer 
8. A successful manager needs an efficient secretary 
9. The installation of the new machinery has doubled the productivity of the factory  
10. The new training program made the workers highly productive
Unit3
1. Since 1978, the amount of money available to buy books has fallen by 17%
2. The building has been made accessible to disabled people 
3. She is constantly changing her mind 
4. He has consistently stood firm on the side of the oppressed people 
5. They convert an old stable into a little comfortable house 
6. Because the normal word order is reversed in passive in passive voice sentences, they are sometimes hard to follow 
7. If you enjoy outdoor activities, this is the trip for you 
8. I reckon it’s warm enough to eat outdoors this evening 
9. The Tibetan highland is a land of blue skies and warm sunshine 
10. She looked out over the rooftops and the open sky 
Unit4(选择题)
1. Nobody can help but be fascinated by the world into which he is taken by science fiction 
2. He claimed to be an expert in astronomy , but in fact he is quite ignorant on the subject , what little he knows about it is out of date and inaccurate 
3. The managjng director refused to accept neither of the four proposals made by the contractors 
4. Professor Smith implied ,but did not directly say , that Americans are more concerned with making money than anything else 
5. There is every possibility of our winning the game 
6. There people spoke at the meeting ,one was a lawyer ,another a teacher ,and the third was a social worker 
7. I have been to the doctor’s about my backache , he says there is nothing serious ,but I must ile up for a few days 
8. The New York Times will soon carry colour advertisements; none of this will matter if newspapers eventually disappear 
9. We stood up , thinking through the possibilities ,There weren’t many 
10. Melton Brown was the only salon producing its own shampoos and hair-care products all based on herbal recipes 
Unit5
1. An aircraft carrier and nineteen warships left the naval base today for exercises at sea 
2. He returned to South Carolina in 1966 and established his own legal practice 
3. The kidnappers threatened to kill the hostages unless they received a ransom of $500,000
4. In his inaugural address Lincoln repeated that his government posed no threat to slavery in the states 
5. If they had negotiated a peace earlier they could have avoided this terrible , bloody war 
6. He flew nine special missions in that area in 2003 and has experience with biological warfare 
7. The object of the war to restore the Union ; but the cause of the war was slavery 
8. It took her three months to recover her spirits after that unexpected blow 
9. The newspaper aims to reflect the views of the middle class 
10. Their main purpose was to deflect attention from the opponents’ criticism  
Unit6
1. They knew that it is a criminal offense to sell pirated videos on the street.
2. She is very sensitive and will be offended if you don’t accept her invitation.
3. The most common complaint from car drivers is about the lack of parking facilities.
4. Customers complained to the company about the poor bus service.
5. They’ve come to the conclusion that he is not the right person for the job.
6. He concluded from what he was told that the situation in the city was bad and getting worse.
7. He worked hard and was soon promoted to marketing manager.
8. The committee has decided to remove the corrupt administrator.
9. The worked out a program to speed up the development of new energy sources.
10.The made use of the available financial resource to establish a small science laboratory.
11.Violence and crime are pervasive features of city life.
12.A resolution to maintain the truce was carried by an overwhelming majority.
※- - - - - -介词填空- - - - - -※
Uint2
1. He said that they should examine all the costs involved in the project first 
2. Dealing with this diversity of human resources in the 2010’s and beyond will be a significant challenge to managers 
3. Smith’s Tuesday morning experiences are typical of managerial work, which is varied, fragmented, and difficult to plan and organize.
4. Effective managers may be one of a developed country’s most valuable resources, and they are one of the most needed resources in less developed countries  
5. The specific tasks of a manager in a college or university department differ from those of people managing in other organizations
6. Bad management results in poor employee morale, poor quality, low productivity, and unnecessary employee-employer conflicts
7. Errors in judgement for job hunting can prevent even the finest candidate from landing the job she or he wants
8. The business plan is a written document that clearly defines the goals of a business and outlines the methods for achieving them 
9. Rapid technological developments in transportation and communications have brought the peoples of the world closer together in a physical sense
10. A recent survey revealed that 54 percent considered a foreign language necessary for doing business abroad 
Unit3
1. He said that they should examine all the costs involved in the project first 
2. That is the usual way the telecommunications company deals with complaints 
3. Despite a thorough investigation, no trace of the escaped prisoner has been found 
4. About 1000 local workers were employed in the tourism industry last year 
5. At the heart of Dr. Piaget’s theories was an orderly schedule of stages, of children’s perceptions by age 
UNIT5
1. She never lost faith in Steven who was now under heavy criticism on account of his failure 
2. At the moment Natasha is on the point of losing her self-control 
3. After a cabinet meeting in the morning and a drive with Mary in the afternoon , Lincoln was in excellent spirits
4. His wife did not want him to run for the Presidency because she feared for his safety 
5. The white mist was so thick that at five paces from the house one saw nothing but a shadowy mass
6. Nature is a friend whom we keep until death, and into whom we shall enter when we die 
7. Serving in two partnerships, he quickly built up a good practice based on his reputation 
8. He finally moved out of the fifteenth address the family had lived in since his birth into room in Furnival’s Inn  
9. For a long time, he has been suffering from the discord between his life and his beliefs 
10. Objections to slavery in the mid-Western states did have a moral ingredient ,but the driving energy was territorial and did not imply sympathy for blacks   
 
※- - - - - -动词时态填词- - - - - -※
Unit2
1. I was waiting all the morning. You should have told me you weren’t coming 
2. There must have been a bad accident here. Look at all the broken glass around.
3. I should like to have been told the result earlier 
4. You needn’t have carried all those parcels by yourself .The shop would have delivered them if you had required it 
5. No one dared to question the order of the commander at that time 
6. I can’t find my mobile phone. I may have left it in the restaurant yesterday 
7. Since you’ve finished with these magazines, you may as well sell them and make some money.
8. ----Look! Those people who are coming into the hall are carrying wet umbrellas 
   ----It must be raining /must have been raining outside 
Unit6
1.  I wouldn’t have gotten lost if I had asked for directions. (ask)
2.  If I hadn’t to study I would have gone to the concert. (go)
3.  If I had had enough money I would have paid cash for the house.(pay)
4.  If she had written it down on the calendar, she wouldn’t have forgotten it.(forget).
5.  She wouldn’t had bought that car even if she had had enough money. (have)
6.  They would have gone on the trip if it hadn’t rained. (rain).
7.  Had they known you didn’t have training, they would have hired you.(hire)
8.  It is rewarding and perfectly harmless, otherwise I wouldn’t have done it . (do)
9.  She suggested that we should set as deadline for handing in the proposals. (set)
10. I am lucky that I am interested in the subject I have chosen, otherwise I would be depressed. (depress)
※- - - - - -句子改错题- - - - - -※
Unit1
1. Eventually he realizes (what)that they are asking themselves a question which has never occurred to him
2. Modern drugs have a new role (to be played)to play in controlling diseases of the mind 
3. she has a cheerful disposition and has kept in contact (for) with most of her friends from college 
4. After another round of negotiations ,they (called on )called for the immediate release of the hostages 
5. There were some delays on the road because of heavy traffic and it (spend) took him there hours to get to the airport.
Unit2
1. Believe it or not ,his success was due (in) to luck 
2. The changes have been apparent (at) over the past five years.
3. In addition (for) to English, the students learn art ,music and history 
4. Tim likes outdoor activities. He will to out (another) rather than stay home.
5. She hasn’t made up her mind as (for) to where she will spend her holiday 
Unit3
1. The police (says) say that they have arrested twenty people following the disturbance 
2. Business managers focused on increasing their personal wealth by any available (mean)means  
3. The taste of vitamins is not so nice ,so the flavour sometimes(need ) needs to be disguised 
4. In Wai Wen Bookshop (is) are to be found books in various languages  
5. An expert together with some assistants (were) was sent to help resolve the problem 
6. They’ve got two hundred books ,one hundred and twenty are in Chinese and the rest (is) are  in English  
7. Lake Superior is such a large freshwater lake that the waves (that breaks) that break on its shores are like the waves of the sea
8. (Here are things) The things you can do in the European “good outdoors ”include camping, snow –mobiling, skiing, hunting and horseback riding 
Unit 5
1. In a war in which every state was providing its sons for the army , every election (deflected ) reflected reactions to the ebb and flow of successes in the field 
2. he did not blame her at all; (by ) on the contrary; he remembered with love and gratitude the forty long years of their life together 
3. Voters were inclined towards one party or the other according to how they saw their interests being (effected ) affected at any particular moment 
4. Nationally, he has raised the discussion of  (which ) what was at stake to a high moral level and shown himself to be a worthy opponent of the country’s most formidable orator 
5. The only company he had was his fellow-workers and illiterate boys with whom he had nothing (for ) in common ,though they were kind to him in their rough way 
6. He was thus by the age of twenty-three  (full ) fully independent ,conscious that he could depend on no one but himself ,but with a good appreciation of his own abilities
7. He relaxed as energetically as he did everything else ,squeezing every ounce of interest and pleasure (on ) out of the Italian adventure  
8. Not content to rest on his laurels ,Orlando has accepted what may be his most (ambition ) ambitious role to date in the movie The Trojan War 
9. Professor Smith supervised her senior thesis in nuclear physics and provided her (for ) with a wonderful research experience and with his friendship
10. It was made clear to the first generation of Canadian-born children  (who)  that the path to opportunity was through education  
※- - - - - -英译汉- - - - - -※
1、Science fiction is a literature genre developed in the 20th century in which the fiction writer addresses how scientific discoveries, technological developments, and future events and societal changes affect human beings. The description of these influences may be a careful and informed extrapolation of scientific facts and principles, or it may range into farfetched areas flatly contradictory of such facts and principles.
科幻小说是20世纪发展起来的一种文学体裁,科幻小说作家在其作品中描述科学发现、技术进步以及未来的事情和社会变化如何影响人类。对这些影响的描写,可能是对科学事实和原理的一种细致而有根据的判断,或是描写与这些事实和原理完全矛盾的令人难以置信的一些领域。
2、Managerial economics is the study of the application of economic principles of decision-making in business firms or in other management units. The basic concepts are derived mainly form microeconomic theory, which studies the behavior of individual consumers, firms, and industries, but new tools of analysis have been added. Statistical methods, for example, are becoming increasingly important in estimating current and future demand for products.
管理经济学研究将经济学原理运用于企业公司或其他管理部门的决策之中,其基本概念主要来自研究个体消费者、公司和行业的经济行为的微观经济学,但加进了新的分析方法。例如各种统计方法在估计产品当前和今后的需求中已日渐重要。
   3、The unique contribution of the United States to those who love the great outdoors are the National Parks and State Parks. They are beautifully organized and give particular thought to campers. There are also campsites by the sea, which are hidden from the beach by a lion of sand dunes, or a thick belt of trees. Wherever you go, you can nearly always find picnic places complete with wooden tables, benches, garbage cans and restrooms.
美国为野外活动爱好者所做的特殊贡献是建立了众多的国家公园和州立公园,这些公园布局漂亮,体现了对野营爱好者的特殊关爱。海边也有许多野营营地。这些营地,或在海滩一连串的沙丘后,或在海滩茂密的林带后面。无论你走到哪里,几乎总能找到地方野餐,这些地方设备齐全,全都配有木制桌子、凳子、垃圾桶和洗手间。
   4、Basically, all the nervous elements which underlie the experience of pain by human beings are to be found in all mammalian vertebrates at least; this is hardly surprising as pain is a response to a potentially harmful stimulus and is therefore of great biological importance for survival. Is there any reason, for supposing that animals, though equipped with all the necessary neurological structures, do not experience pain? Such a view would seem to presuppose a profound qualitative difference in the mental life of animals and men.
一般来说,参与人体痛觉经历的神经组织至少在哺乳类动物身上都可以找到,这并不令人惊讶,因为疼痛是一种对潜在危险刺激的反应,从而具有使动物生存下去的重要的生物学意义。那么,在动物拥有所有必要的神经结构的情况下,我们有什么理由认为它们不能感受疼痛呢?那种认为动物不能感受疼痛的看法似乎认定动物和人在精神生活中存在本质的区别。
  5、Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We have met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives so that the nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate ---we can not consecrate ---we can not hallow ----this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say. 
  目前我们正在进行一场伟大的国内战争,我们的国家或任何一个有着同样理想与目标的国家能否长久存在,这场战争就是一次考验。我们在这场战争的一个伟大的战场上相聚。我们来到这里,将这战场的一小块土地奉献给那些为国家生存而英勇捐躯的人们,作为他们最后的安息之地。我们这样做是完全恰当的,完全应该的。
  然而,从更深一层的意义上来说,我们没有能力奉献这块土地,没有能力使这块土地变得神圣。因为曾在这里进行过斗争的那些活着和已经死去的勇士们,已经使这块土地变得如此圣洁,我们微薄的力量已不能再对它有所改变,我们今天在这时说的话,世人不会注意,也不会长久记住,但这些英雄的业绩,人们将永记不忘。
     6、Although ethics has always been viewed as a branch of philosophy, its all-embracing practical nature links it with many other areas of study, including anthropology, biology, economics, history, politics, sociology, and theology. Yet, ethics remains distinct from such disciplines because it is not a matter of factual knowledge in the way that the sciences and other branches of inquiry are. Rather, it has to do with determining the nature of normative theories and applying these sets of principles to practical moral problems.
     虽然人们总把伦理学看作是哲学的一个分支,但伦理学包罗万象的实践的本质使它与其他许多学科领域联系起来,这些学科包括人类学、生物学、经济学、历史学、政治学、社会学和神学。然而,伦理学又与这些学科不同,因为它不像科学和其他学问那样涉及实在的知识,而是涉及确定规范理论的本质以及将这些原则应用于实际的道德问题。
 
※- - - - - -汉译英- - - - - -※
1、由于现代科学的兴起,特别是天文学和物理学的巨大变革,科学幻想小说的出现才成为可能。真正的科幻小说始于19世纪末儒勒·凡尔纳的科学幻想浪漫故事,不过,凡尔纳的科学只是停留在发明的水平上。
Science fiction was made possible only by the rise of modern science itself, notably the great revolutions in astronomy and physics, Science fiction proper began toward the end of the 19th century with the scientific romances of  Jules Verne, whose science was rather on the level of invention.
2、好的管理是实现个人和社会目标的不可缺少的内容。好的管理可以创造高质量的工作和高生产率,可以把冲突减至最低程度和最大限度地促进合作,所有这些会使经济不断改善,而这又为个人发展和社会进步打下很好的基础。
Good management is a vital element in achieving personal and social objectives. Good management can creat high quality and high productivity, minimize conflicts and maximize cooperation, all of which lend to an improving economy which lays an excellent foundation for personal development and social progress.
3、世界上很少有国家能像美国这样有如此多样诱人的野外旅游资源。美国气候多样,风景秀丽,公路四通八达,人们可以驱车前往任何值得观光的地方。许多美国人,无论老幼,都喜欢开野营车外出野营。有些老年退休夫妇将他们很大一部分的储蓄存款用来购买这种“车上家园”。他们每年花半年时间漫游美国,享受野外的绚丽风光。
Few countries have such a varied and tempting Outdoors as the USA. It has different kinds of climate and a spectacular landscape. Freeways and highways lead you to any places where there are things worth seeing. Many Americans, young and old, prefer camping in vehicles called “campers”. Some retired couples put a large part of their saving into such “home on wheels” and spend half of the year roaming the country, enjoying the great outdoors.
4、近年来科学家的发现使我们开始改变对动物的看法。原来动物与人类的相似之处比我们想象的要多得多。它们也能感受痛苦,体验压力,表达情感、兴奋和爱。科学家通过对动物的认真观察或检测获得它们的这些情感反应。现在尚不清楚家畜的这些反应是否会对其肉的品质产生影响。
Animals are more like us than we ever imagined. They feel pain, they experience stress, they show affection, excitement and love. All these findings have been made by scientists in recent years and such results are beginning to change how we view animals. Scientists obtained those reactions of animals through careful observation and laboratory testing. It is still uncertain if such reactions could degrade the meat quality of farm animals.
5、他的工作日从早饭之前就在办公室开始了,然后读报纸,签署文件,会见部长。用过简单的午饭后他可能骑马出去,或驾马车与夫人一起出去,也许去一个士兵医院,或一个军营。晚饭后他可能会回到办公室再工作三个小时,或者披上一条灰色的长围巾,不带卫兵独自出去散步,到作战部(War Department)去看看有什么电报,回到家时通常是午夜了。
  His working day started in his office before breakfast and was followed by reading papers, signing documents and seeing ministers, After a light lunch, he might ride, or drive with his wife, perhaps visiting a soldiers’ hospital or a camp. After supper he might return for another three hours in his office or walk along without a guard with a long grey shawl round his shoulders, to see what telegrams were coming in to the War Department, returning home around midnight. 
6、重要的是教师要有真正的同情心,能对他人表示理解。同时教师还要宽容,不是宽容学生的错误,而是宽容他们的不成熟。教师必须在知识上和道德上诚实,这是至关重要的。教师要明白自己智力上的优势和局限,要认真考虑并待定指导自己一生的道德准则。
    It is important for a teacher to have a genuine capacity for sympathy- a capacity to understand the minds and feelings of other people. Closely related with this is the capacity to be tolerant-not of what is wrong, but of the immaturity of his students. It is essential for a teacher to be both intellectually and morally honest. It means that he will be aware of his intellectual strengths and limitations, and will have thought about and decided upon the moral principles by which his life shall be guided.
 
※- - - - - -句子翻译- - - - - -※
1、她说不应当允许发生这样的错误。
She said that such errors ought not to be allowed.
2、在挑选计算机时,你必须要选择合适的软件。
When choosing a computer, you will need to select the right software.
3、我们在工作中可能会有机会与国外的专家进行交流。
In our work, we may occasionally communicate with experts in other countries. 
4、如果一个人要在商界成功的话,就必须克服这些困难。
These obstacles must be overcome if one is to be successful in the business world.
5、市场调研十分重要,搜集到的信息可以增加你盈利的可能性。
Market research is very important, the information which has been gathered can increase your profit potential.
6、 因为没有一家公司的财政经费有它所期待的那么多,所以公司必须就如何使用其有限的资金进行决策。
Because no company has many financial resources as it would like to have (as might have been expected), decision must be made regarding how these limited resources will be used.
7、You are supposed to pay right after the goods are delivered.  货到付款
8、A modern technical basis must rest on modern science and technology.
   现代技术的基础必须建立在现代科学技术上。
9、He behaved politely which answering the interviewer's question.
   他在回答采访者的问题时很有礼貌。
10、Each day we make choices that affect our lives and, sometimes, the lives of others.
    我们每天遇事都要拿主意,拿得对不对都会影响我们自己的生活,有时也会影响他人的生活。
11、His failure to observe the safety regulations results in an accident to the machinery.
    因为他没有遵守安全规则,所以机器出故障了。
12、For many years, there has been serious unemployment in this city.
    多年来,该城市一直存在着严重的事业现象。
13、I'm afraid I can't  teach you to pay badminton.I think Lin Jin is a better teacher than I.
    我恐怕教不了你羽毛球,林静可能比我教得要好。
14、This program is not popular with all of people.
    并不是所有的人都喜欢这个计划。
15、Open the windows and let the fresh air in.
     打开窗户透透气。
16、Washington figured prominently in the history of America.
    华盛顿是美国历史上的接触人物(华盛顿在美国历史上占有突出地位)。
17、Let me see if it works.
    让我看看是不是坏了。
18、The proposal was surprisingly criticized by all walks of people.
    这个建议受到了各阶层人的批评,真的令人吃惊。
19、Just a few words of praise made him exceedingly pleased with himself.
    夸了他两句,他就美得不行了。
20、Heat is required to change ice to water.    
  如果要冰融化成水就必须加热。
21、The professor entered the laboratory followed by his graduate students.
    这个教授进了实验室,后面跟着他的研究生。
22、I'm sorry that you're ill.   你病了,我很难过。
23、她在公共汽车上被人偷了钱包。
    She had her purse stolen on the bus.
24、开了这么长的路,你应该让人把车洗一下
    You should have your car cleaned after this long drive/
25、这台彩电都用了快八年了,不值得让人修了。
    This color television is almost eight years old. It isn’t worth having it repaired.
26、他让医生把车间里所有的人都查了一遍,但没有发现中毒者。
    He asked the doctor to have everyone in the workshop examined and no one was found to be poisoned.
27、我请人把房子重新装修了一下,并在每间卧室里安装了空调。
   I had my house renovated and installed an air conditioner in every bedroom.
钟候波整理
 

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