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毛大威 教育硕士专业学位研究生基础英语课后答案7-11
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Unit7 Music单词词组英汉互译作曲家,交响乐,旋律 曲调,节奏音符,主题,音色,和谐 和声。pop music playwright classical music country musicvocalist pop singer the blues light music cond
Unit7 Music
单词词组英汉互译
作曲家,交响乐,旋律/曲调,节奏 
音符,主题,音色,和谐/和声。
 
pop music  playwright  classical music  country music
vocalist/pop singer  the blues  light music  conductor
 
SECTION A 
Textual organization:
General statement: We all listen to music on three separate planes
 
Plane1: the sensuous plane  
Further explanation:
Listening to music for the sheer pleasure of the musical sound itself and hearing music without thinking, without considering it in any way.
 
Plane2: the expressive plane 
Further explanation:
All music has an expressive power, all music has a certain meaning behind the notes and that meaning behind the notes constitutes what the piece(of music) is saying and what the piece is about.
 
Plane3: the sheerly musical plane
Further explanation:
Besides the pleasurable sound of music and the expressive felling that it gives off, music does exists in terms of notes themselves and of their manipulation.
 
Yet while listening to music most listener:
are not sufficiently conscious of the third plane./tend to listen on one or the other of the three planes.
 
The author concludes that:
We listen to music in all three ways/and on all three planes at the same time.
 
The theme of the text:
When listen to music ,one should be a more conscious and aware listener—not someone who is just listening, but someone who is listening for something.
 
Understanding long/difficult sentences
1. doesn’t need to think anything but just enjoy.
2. cause/effect
3. the meaning of music
4. typical music commentator  advocating this idea that music should have meaning.
5. discourage wherever and whenever it is met.
 
SECTION B
Vocabulary study
A)
b c a g d h f e
B)
1. so to speak(可以这么说)  2. strive for(争取/奋斗)  3.be alive to(对…敏感)  4.take into account(考虑/重视)  5.sensitive to(灵敏的)  6.carried away(忘乎所以) 7.commensurate with(以…相当)  8.give off(发出)  9.self-evident (不言而喻的) 10.clarity(清楚/明晰)
C)
1.other  2.dancing  3.else  4.stage  5.like 
6.over  7.discover  8.event  9.for  10.made
 
SECTION C
GRAMMAR REVIEW
A)
1. The new-type cell phone will be made smaller and smaller.
新型的手机越造越小。
2. After the storm all the ships with their crews were found out of danger.
暴风雨一过,我们发现所有船只和船员都脱离了危险。
3. She went away a little girl and came back a middle-aged scientist
她离开时是个孩子,回来时却是个中年科学家。
4. Mr. Green was elected director of the board.
大家推选格林先生出任董事长。
5. She felt her bed soft and comfortable.
她觉得那张床又软又舒服。
6. Don't leave your things lying about.
别把东西到处乱扔。
7. His wife advised him to give up smoking.
他的妻子劝他戒烟。
8. Where did you get your films developed.
你的胶卷在哪里冲的。
 
B)
1. It is possible that John will come to visit us tomorrow.
2. It is sure that the secretary will be there.
3. It doesn’t matter very much whether they come or not .
4. It is essential that there should be more houses built next year.
5. I think it a good idea to walk in the rain.
6. I fell it sad to see you sitting all alone.
7. Do you find it very dull to live here.
8. It was rather difficult to get the car on the boat.
C)
1. B has  2. D place worth seeing  3. B 去掉“that”  4. B that  5. A was it that
6. C will it be  7. C that  8. C taken
 
SECTION D
TRANSLATION
 
英译中
As a devoted participant in the college annual song contest for the past two years ,it has come to my attention that competitiveness and the desire to win have overthrown the school spirit and overall togetherness that the event was designed to generate. When classes are so bent on winning that they actually resort to spying on their rivals in hopes they can turn their opponents in on some technicality, things in my opinion, have gone just a  bit too far, Is it really worth winning if it means deliberately damaging your competition to do it?
在过去的两年中,我一直是一年一度校园歌咏比赛的积极参加者。我注意到,竞争和想取胜的欲望违背了我们的学校精神,违背了学校通过比赛达到全校同学共同参与的初衷。如果某个年级取胜心切,不惜采取刺探的手法将别人的技巧“偷”到手,我以为这种做法已经有些过分了。倘若这样做就意味着比赛原则遭到破坏,那么即使赢了又有什么意义呢?
 
中译英
让我们假设人们听音乐有三个层面。第一个是感官层面。在这个层面上,听音乐的方法最简单。听音乐不用思考,纯粹为了消遣听音乐美妙的声音。第二个是表意层面。我们听音乐不仅听悦耳的声音,还要了解音乐所表达的意思。每支乐曲都有它的主题,但是,不同的人对同样的音乐有不同的感悟。最后一个是纯音乐层面。我们听音乐时,应该注意音乐的旋律、节奏、和声等。其实,我们决不会只在这三个层面的某一个层面上听音乐。我们本能地同时在三个层面上听音乐。
Let’s suppose there are three hypothetical, separate planes on which we listen to music. The first plane is sensuous. It is the plane on which we listen for the sheer pleasure of the musical sound itself and we hear music without thinking, without considering it any way. This is the simplest way of listening to music. The second is the expressive plane. On this plane we listen not only for the pleasure of the musical sound but also for the understanding of what the piece of music is saying. All music has a theme. But while listening, each listener feels for himself the specific expressive quality of the theme. The third plane on which music exists is the sheerly musical plane. When we listen to music we must be prepared to increase our awareness of the melodies. The rhythms, the harmonies etc. Actually, we never listen on only one or the other of the three planes. What we do is to instinctively listen in all three ways at the same time.
Unit8 Life
单词词组英汉互译
感伤, 叙述者, 审慎稳重的风格,  (文章的)节,  冷嘲/反语
 
book review ,  disabled,  heroine,  publisher,  hearing,  plot


SECTION A 
LEARN ABOUT THE TEXT
Comprehension questions
1. b   2. a   3. c   4. d   5. a   6. a   7. b   8.c
 
Textual organization:
1. At the age of five, she was robbed of her hearing.
2. At about 7 years old, she was taught by her grandmother to read.
3. She was sent to a progressive school for the deaf.
4. Soon after she graduated, she met Jim Lloyd, and they got married.
5. Two weeks after the marriage, Lloyd was sent to Europe as a stretcher-bearer while she stayed at home, missing her husband and fighting against the influenza epidemic.
6.She and Lloyd finally reunited.
 
Word study:
1. has made up her mind 换成is determined/has resolved.
2. turned换成 resorted
3. heavy responsibility to 换成 burden
4. great disorder 换成 chaos
5. great sorrow换成 grief
6. take away 换成 rob him of
7. responsible for换成 guilty about
8. well-written 换成 well-constructed
 
Understanding long/difficult sentences
1. ① that shows she is quite familiar with the life of the deaf girl, she knows much about how the girl thinks and feels; ② the writing technique of Itani;  ③ the deaf girl’s silent life is so vivid; ④ Grain’s world, her life.
 
2. ① quiet and everything is carefully thought and depicted. ②  effective and suitable for describing the simple domestic life. ③ still has its remarkable power in winning her readers.
 
SECTION B
Vocabulary study
A)
1. process(处理/过程)  2. procedure(程序/步骤)  3. procedure(程序/步骤)
4. lightly(轻松地)   5. slightly(轻微地)  6. slightly(纤细地)
7. dividing(分开/区分)  8. divide(划分)  9. split(分离/裂缝/离开)
10. deliberate(商议)  11. deliberate(深思熟虑)  12. considerable(值得考虑)
13. alternate(交替/轮流)  14. alternative(两者取其一)  15. alternative(选择性的)16. suffered(遭受/允许)  17. has suffered (宽恕)  18. endured(忍耐)
 
B)
1. was submerged(被..淹没)   2. affection(喜爱/感情)  3.survive(幸存)  4.in the hope of(怀着…的希望)  5.shallow(肤浅的)  6.reassured(使安心) 7.progressive(进步的)  8.attend to(注意/照料)  9.disabled(有缺陷的)  10.intensify(使加强)
 
Recognize fact and opinion
1. F   2.O   3.O   4.F   5.F
 
SECTION C
GRAMMAR REVIEW
A)
1. She has been condemned to a living hell, a place full of pain and torture.
2. Earnest Hemingway, my favorite writer, was awarded Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954.
3. We visited Europe last month, something we had dreamed of in the last two years.
4. “You must go into the people’s homes as I have done, look into their cooking pots and eat their bread…” said Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States.
5. People cook fish with beer, a common practice in the area.
 
B)
1. They are rebuilding the city destroyed by the earthquake.
2. She managed to wash the tablecloth stained with ink.
3. Her first novel, inspired by her experience in Africa, turns out to be a bestseller.
4. That model car, made in Germany, is my favorite.
5. I still remember the story told by my grandmother.
6. Once opened, the package cannot be returned.
7. Once invited, you may set out on Friday.
8. If given a blood transfusion, the patient will be saved.
9. When exposed to the sunshine, the plant will grow better.
10. When cooled to a certain degree, the gas becomes solid.
 
 
SECTION D
TRANSLATION
 
英译中
What’s particularly remarkable about this novel is that Itain’s quiet, measured style, which seems so effective for describing the simple details of domestic life, becomes thoroughly stunning when employed in her  descriptions of war. Form Jim’s initial burst of patriotic enthusiasm, through stages of blinding terror and sickness, he trudges on for years in the world “no one would believe.” These anecdotes of continuous chaos, blood, and waste serve as a serious reminder of the nature of battle before technology allowed us to pretend that the process of killing could be precise and objective.
这部小说特别引人注目之处是作者伊塔妮平静和慎重的写作风格,这种风格用于描绘家庭生活的简朴琐碎十分有效,没想到用于描写战争时会变得如此震撼人心。从最初爱国激情的迸发到后来的目不暇接的恐惧和疾病等种种磨难,吉姆多年来艰难地在一个“人人都难以置信的世界”里挣扎着。当现代科技使我们盲目地认为战争中的杀戮可以是精准的,并且并非随意实施的时候,这些关于连绵不断的混乱、流血和荒芜的记事认真地提醒我们不要忘记战争的残酷本质。
 
中译英
二战期间,凯瑟琳•琼斯在部队当护士。她和许多其他年轻人一样被派住欧洲前线。每天她要照顾许多伤员,为他们打针,处理伤口。有些士兵被夺去了手脚,而另外一些则被夺去了视力或听力。他们遭受巨大的痛苦,伤势严重的病人常常依赖止痛药。尽管这样,他们依然勇敢、乐观。这一切深深地打动着凯瑟琳,让她看到了胜利的曙光。
During the World War II, Catherine Jones worked as a nurse in the army. Like many other young people, she was sent to the front line in Europe. Everyday she had many patients to attend to, giving them injections and some others had been robbed of their sight and hearing. They had suffered so much that those who were seriously wounded had to resort to painkillers. Despite all this, they were still brave and optimistic, which moved Catherine so much, and which made her see the twilight of the victory.
 
 
Unit9 Physics
单词词组英汉互译
扳机  分贝  枪管  奥斯卡奖  声音的  半自动步枪  好莱坞  干扰
 
sound effect  movie producer  silencer  agent  noise  pistol/handgun/revolver
rifle  sound wave  transmit


SECTION A 
LEARN ABOUT THE TEXT
Textual organization:
A)
① examples 
② what we see in movies may not necessarily be real from a physics point of view  ③ give a scientific explanation of the actual situation related to the movie examples ④ the loudness of the muzzle blast is so high that it requires a precisely-made silencer to have it reduced
⑤ 7
⑥ the makeshift silencer in movies
⑦ using silent scenes based on realistic physics may also create an dramatic result
⑧ the movie makers got the physics right 
⑨ the movie makers need to take the issue into consideration as viewers today may eventually not take movie nonsense for granted
 
B)
1. silence a muzzle blast
2. have image and sound occur simultaneously
3. have spacecraft engine noises heard in the near vacuum outer space
 
Word links:
miniature sonic——supersonic——noticeable noise——sound wave
微型声波       超声波       明显的噪音        声波
 
Understanding long/difficult sentences
1. ① registered  ② illegal  ③ to be homemade  ④ ineffective  ⑤ illegal
 
2. ① Tora Tora Tora  ② as a good movie for its sound effects for its time  ③ better for following the historical truthness
 
SECTION B
Vocabulary study
A)
1. methodical(有条理的)  2. screwed(用螺丝拧紧)  3. discharge(排放/卸出)  4.obsessed(着迷)  5. simultaneously(同时地)  6.distraction(心烦意乱)  7.transmission(传播)  8. eliminate(消除)  9. convey(表达) 
10. authenticity (真实性) 11. ridiculous(荒谬的)
 
B)
1. commonplace (老生常谈) 2. commonest(普通的)
3. insure(确保/保证)  4. secure(安全/无虑的)
5. confined (限制)  6. restrict(约束/限定)
7. distributed(分散式的)  8. contribute(贡献/出力)
9. eliminate (消除/排除) 10. demolished (拆毁/破坏)
11. transmitted(传输/传送)  12. transplanted (移植/转移)
13. nominate (推荐/提名) 14. Candidates (候选人/申请者)
 
Recognize fact and opinion
1. F   2.O   3.O   4.F   5.F
 
SECTION C
GRAMMAR REVIEW
A)
1. are being watered  2. be repaired  3.has been cut off  4. will have been finished
5. being introduced  6. be discussed  7. been invited  8. have met
 
B)
1. by换成 to
2. effective 换成 efficient
3. achieve 换成 achieving
4. required 换成 acquired
5. information-based 换成 Information-based
6. encourage 换成 encouraging
7. in 换成 to
8. managed 换成 arranged
9. to be 换成 to
10. pay 换成 paid
 
SECTION D
TRANSLATION
 
英译中
Sound is a form of energy transfer and we can define loudness in terms of the energy per unit of time or power output of the sound, but it wouldn’t give the complete picture. The sound’s power is distributed on the surface of the wave which increases with the square of the distance from its source. In other words, the amount of energy per unit of area in the wave declines rapidly as the wave moves away from the source. About the same wave area contacts a person’s ear regardless of how far she or he is away from the source. However, the area contains significantly less energy when the source is far away rather than up close. This explains why the sound is no as loud.
声音是一种能量的转换。我们可以用单位时间上产生的声音能量或声能来标定声音的大小,但这仅仅描述了事情的一部分。声波向外传播就像许多气球从同一点向外飘散。声能沿着声波的表面分布,其表面及随着传播距离的平方成正比。换句话说,声波单位面积上的能量随着声波远离声源而减少。无论远近,传到人耳中的声波区是相同的。但当我们距声源较远时,声波区上的能量也就明显减少。所以我们听到的声音就比较小。
 
中译英
把声音的强度降低一半,仅使声音的大小相对降低3分贝。这几乎很难察觉到。一付质量上乘的耳塞通常可降低噪音30分贝左右,这将使射击声从150分贝降到120分贝,仍然很响。我们估算影片中枪械消音器发出的那一点与人无损的“砰”声也不过50分贝。这就意味着射击噪声惊人地降低了足足100分贝。换句话说,消声器必须将射击声的强度以1010为因数进行消音才能达到如此低的分贝数。要做到这点,就必须使用设计完美,制作精准的消音器和亚音速的弹药。但现在市场上可以买到的消音器大多只能降噪30至40分贝,与带耳塞的效果相似,而非影片中经常描述的令人难以置信的100分贝。
Cutting sound intensity in half only reduces the relative loudness by merely 3 dB. This would be barely noticeable. A good set of ear plugs typically reduces noise by about 30 dB and so, would reduce a muzzle last from 150 to 120 dB, still a very loud noise. We estimate that the innocuous “fut” sound made by a movie silencer is roughly 50 dB, a whipping noise reduction of 100 dB from the dB level of a muzzle blast! In other words, a silencer has to reduce sound intensity of a muzzle blast by a factor of 1010 to give such a low relative loudness. This can be done with a very well-designed and precisely made silencer using subsonic ammunition. However, even commercially available silencers are more likely to give a reduction for 30 to 40 dB similar to ear plugs than the incredible 100 dB reduction frequently portrayed in movies.
 
 
 
Unit10 Philosophy
单词词组英汉互译
古典式  浪漫型  深层形式  终极真理 
富于想象力的  不理智的  艺术感觉  反传统文化
 
understanding/comprehension/interpretation  misunderstanding
intuition  behavior  emotion(s)/felling(s)
consciousness  under control  seek plarsure
 
SECTION A 
LEARN ABOUT THE TEXT
Textual organization:
IDEA DIAGRAM
Topic:
① Classical understanding  ② Romantic understanding
General differences:
① Underlying form  ② Immediate appearance
Specific details:
① Facts, e.g. science  Association  Under control  Heavy, grey
② Felling, e.g. art  Association with females  Pleasure-seeking  Shallow
The author concludes:
The trouble is “no one has any real reconciliation of the two modes.”
The theme of the text:
We need both classical understanding and romantic understanding/ no one wants a house divided against itself.
 
Understanding long/difficult sentences
1.      the dividing and separating of understanding into two ways.
2.      almost meaningless in relation to ultimate truth. But such a dichotomy
3.      quite reasonable and logical
4.      this dichotomy when he/ she is doing things in the way that the classic mode does.
5.      discover or create a reasonable, logical world.
 
SECTION B
Vocabulary study
A)
classic (名著/经典的) 替换成 romantic(浪漫的)
underlying form(底层形式) 替换成 immediate appearance(露面)
intuitive(直觉的) 替换成 rational(理性/合理的)
order(命令/整理) 替换成 chaos(混乱)
unknown(未知的) 替换成 known(已知的)
understanding(理解) 替换成 misunderstanding(误会)
 
B)
1. in terms of (依据/按照)  2. By contrast (相比之下)  3. appeals to(呼吁/上诉)  4. figure out(解决/算出) 5. fascinated (使着迷)  6. control(控制/管理)  
7. opposed(反对/敌对)  8. legitimate(合法/正统的)  9. restrained(抑制/约束)
10. underlying(潜在的/优先的)
 
C)
1. few   2. grow   3. like   4. born   5. doing 
6. next   7. inherited   8. brought   9. school   10. both
 
SECTION C
GRAMMAR REVIEW
A)
1. collecting(聚集)   2. correcting(校正)  3. coming(到达)   4. having taken(拥有采取)   5. surrounding(环境/周围的) 6. facing(饰面)   7. posted(通告)   8. Having seen(看过)   9. Delighted(高兴的)   10. taken(拿/带)
 
B)
1. I shall answer换成 to answer
2. that must be solved at our meeting 换成 to be solved
3. that he did not have enough 换成 to have enough
4. who she can play 换成 to play
5. so that she could be seen 换成 to be seen
6. because I met 换成 to meet
7. in order that he would have 换成 to have
8. that you have got the 换成 to have got
 
C)
1. catching 换成 to catch
2. to talk 换成 talking
3. getting 换成 to get
4. to be performing 换成 performing
5. enjoy 换成 to enjoy
6. exchange 换成 to exchange/of exchanging
7. to grow 换成 grow
8. to play 换成 playing
 
SECTION D
TRANSLATION
 
英译中
The classic mode, by contrast, proceeds by reason and by laws—which are themselves underlying forms of thought and behavior. In European cultures it is primarily a masculine mode and the fields of science, law and medicine are unattractive to women largely for this reason. Although motorcycle riding is romantic, motorcycle maintenance is purely classic. The dirt, the grease, the mastery of underlying form required all give it such a negative romantic appeal that women never go near it.
Although surface ugliness is often found in classic mode of understanding it is not inherent in it. There is a classic esthetic which romantics often miss because of its subtlety. The classic style is straightforward, unemotional, economical and carefully proportioned. Its purpose is not to inspire emotionally, but to bring order out of chaos and make the unknown known.
古典模式则相反。看问题理智,按法规法则办事。法规法则本身就是行为和思想的基本方式。在欧洲文化里,古典模式主要是一种男性模式。在很大程度上,正是此原因使得科学、医学和法律对女性没有吸引力。尽管骑乘摩托车很浪漫,但维修摩托车却纯属古典。车上的污垢、油污及修车需要掌握的基本原理使修车毫无浪漫可言。所以,女士们很少靠近这一行。
虽然古典模式表面上往往会有一些丑的东西,但这并非是其与生俱有的。古典式的审美的细微之处往往是浪漫式的审美中所缺少的。古典式是直率的,不偏爱的,非情绪化的,经济的和有分寸的。它的目的不是煽情,而是从一团乱麻中捋出头绪,揭示未知事物。
 
中译英
有两种理解模式—--古典模式和浪漫模式。古典模式看事物的内存形式;而浪漫模式看重事物的表面。浪漫派富有想象力和创造力,总是跟着感觉走。古典派则相反,他们尊重事实,看问题理智,按法规办事。这两种模式从没有达到真正的调和,但是双方都不愿看到这种内讧分裂。
There are two ways of understanding----classical understanding and romantic understanding. A classical understanding sees the world primarily as underlying form itself while a romantic understanding sees it primarily in terms of immediate appearance. The romantic mode is imaginative and creative. It proceeds by feeling. The classic mode, in contrast, gives priority to facts. It proceeds by reason and by laws. There has never been any real reconciliation of these two modes. But no one wants it /a house divided against itself.
 
 
 
 
Unit11 Education
单词词组英汉互译
使人不安或担忧的   工蜂   学徒/新手  
(以连珠炮弹式的问题、辱骂等)攻击某人   操纵/驾驶   超前培养
 
preschooler   resume  curriculum   plasticity  
school transcript   pyramid   bilingual   buffet
 
SECTION A 
LEARN ABOUT THE TEXT
Textual organization:
IDEA DIAGRAM
Kid used to:
Have a normal, happy childhood and play a lot more.
An unexpected gift one gains was regarded as :
Something good but not a job requirement.
A recent unsettling…… American kids:
① Anarchic childhood has been turning into an apprentice adulthood.
② Grade-schoolers are spending more time studying.
Parents:
don’t want their children to be left behind. They hope their kids will be the best.
Hucksters and marketers:
Are encouraging parents to buy their products designed for this early striving.
Para. 6 raises question about:
Striving to educate children in early childhood.
Parents’ ideas about preparation for school:
They cited definable achievements such as knowing numbers, letters, colors and shapes.
Teachers’ ideas about preparation for school:
They say social kills, such as sharing, interacting with others and following instructions, are far more important.
When it comes to language:
The brain does appear to have fertile and less fertile periods.
When it comes to other skills:
There is virtually no evidence for learning windows at all.
What parents can do to …skills:
They can pick up their kids and their best tutors.
The value of educational toys:
Pictures can engage children and help them develop their ability to focus and follow and music can hold their attention.
Conclusion:
With their parents standing watchfully by, children need to be allowed to develop in their own ways.
 
Word links
1. the child’s growth or developing process
2. a gift or remarkable talent
3. sweetheart deal, marvelously anarchic institution
 
Understanding long/difficult sentences
1. those things mentioned in Para. 8
2. popular/fashionable/well-known.
3. our brain can learn certain skills only at an early stage.
4. not easily believe those things mentioned in Para.8 and they tend to believe the learning window theory.
 
SECTION B
Vocabulary study
A)
1. i   2. h   3. d   4. e   5. f   6. a   7. j   8. b   9. c   10. g
 
B)
1. published   2. among   3. were   4. parents   5.system
6. findings   7. warning   8. only   9.brains   10. to
11. report   12. impact   13. off   14. unremarkable   15. children
16. on   17. late   18. damage   19. worry   20. don’t
 
C)
1. avail  of (有益于) 2. made up for (弥补) 3. steer (控制/引导) 4. unsettling (动乱不定) 5.soothe(安慰/缓和)6. bilingual (双语的) 7. assiduously(刻苦地)  8. anarchic(无政府的)  9. radical (彻底的) 10. optimizes(优化)
 
SECTION C
GRAMMAR REVIEW
 
B)
1. I shall answer换成 to answer
2. that must be solved at our meeting 换成 to be solved
3. that he did not have enough 换成 to have enough
4. who she can play 换成 to play
5. so that she could be seen 换成 to be seen
6. because I met 换成 to meet
7. in order that he would have 换成 to have
8. that you have got the 换成 to have got
 
SECTION D
TRANSLATION
 
英译中
Child-development experts, however, consider these sterile tools inferior to more social and emotional activities such as talking with or reading to children. These specialists agree that the only thing shown to optimize children’s intellectual potential is a secure, trusting relationship with their parents. Time spent cuddling, gazing and playing establishes a bond of security, trust and respect on which the entire child-development pyramid is based.
研究儿童成长发育的专家则认为,和孩子聊聊天或念书给他们听,这些更加社会化、充满温情的活动要比那些没有多大用处的教具有效得多。他们认为,事实证明唯一能够最大限度地发挥孩子智力潜能的,其实是一种使孩子有安全感、孩子与父母之间可以相互信赖的亲情关系。父母经常拥抱孩子,深情地凝望孩子,或者与孩子一起玩耍,能使孩子有安全感,信赖父母,尊重父母,而这正是孩子心智全面成长的基础。
 
中译英
汤姆和玛丽对于成功培养孩子有自己独特的方法。与大多数家长一样,他们并不介意自己的两个女儿是否会成为未来的莫扎特,从本质上说,他们只希望能让孩子们最充分地利用人生时光。在他们看来,关键在于要确保自己的女儿们在周末期间什么也不干。
Tom and Mary have a cunning strategy for successful child-rearing. Like most other parents, they wouldn’t mind if their two daughters turned out to be among the next Mozart’s. But essentially, they just want to help the girl get the most out of their lives. The key, they’ve decided, is the weekends, when they see to it that their daughters do pretty much nothing at all.
 

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